Farm machinery and Consulting

The Nigerian traditional agriculture is dominated by what is termed “hoe and cutlass” farming. This has over the years characterized the low output of farm produce, despite the over 50 million farmers in the country.

It has now become imperative to adopt an appropriate level of engine-power agricultural mechanization technology, necessary and sufficient to modernize, energize and revitalize the industry. Nigeria is said to have 20,000 to 30,000 functional tractor units. But the nation still requires about 1.5 million tractor units to fully boost its food production. This projection is against the backdrop of FAO recommendation of tractorization intensity of 1.5 hp (1.125 kW) per hectare. FAO study further showed that only 1% farm power is supplied by mechanical means in sub Saharan Africa, 10% by animal draught power while the remaining 89% is from human labour. Animal powers are still widely used as the major source of power in many parts of the country. Land preparation, weed management, crop threshing and transport are undertaken using animal power. Animals such as donkey, cow, mule, camels, horse etc.

Different types of Farm Machineries

Farm Tractor:- It is a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage, but nowadays a great variety of tasks can be achieved with the tractor. The farm tractor is used for pulling or pushing agricultural machinery, or trailers, for ploughing, tilling, disking, harrowing, planting and similar tasks.

                                                                             

                                                                                          Source: American leasing and financing 

Bulldozer:- This is a track-type tractor with a blade attached in the front and a rope-winch behind. Bulldozers are very powerful tractors and have excellent ground-hold, as their main tasks are to push or drag. It is used for clearing of thick vegetation and for levelling of the land area meant for cropping. 

                                                                            

                                                                                          Source: American leasing and financing

Cultivators:- stir and pulverize the soil, either before planting (to aerate the soil and prepare a smooth, loose seedbed) or after the crop has begun growing (to kill weeds—controlled disturbance of the topsoil close to the crop plants kills the surrounding weeds by uprooting them, burying their leaves to disrupt their photosynthesis, or a combination of both). Unlike a harrow, which disturbs the entire surface of the soil, cultivators are designed to disturb the soil in careful patterns, sparing the crop plants but disrupting the weeds.

                                                                                   

Sprayer:-In agriculture, a sprayer is a piece of equipment that sprays nozzles to apply herbicides, pesticides, and fertilisers to agricultural crops. Sprayers range in size from man-portable units (typically backpacks with spray guns) to trailed sprayers that are connected to a tractor, to self-propelled units similar to tractors, with boom mounts of 60–151 feet in length. There are different types of sprayer, depending on the scale of production and the material to spray. They can also be employed in irrigation exercise to serve as artificial rain simulation and enhance crops growth during dry season.

 

                                                                               

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